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Android Layout Tutorial


FrameLayout is designed to display a single item at a time. You can have multiple elements within a FrameLayout but each element will be positioned based on the top left of the screen. Elements that overlap will be displayed overlapping. I have created a simple XML layout using FrameLayout that shows how this works.


Here is the result of this XML.


You can see I had both the ImageView and TextView fill the parent in both horizontal and vertical layout. Gravity specifies where the text appears within its container, so I set that to center. If I had not set a gravity then the text would have appeared at the top left of the screen.

FrameLayout can become more useful when elements are hidden and displayed programmatically. You can use the attribute android:visibility in the XML to hide specific elements. You can call setVisibility from the code to accomplish the same thing. The three available visibility values are visible, invisible (does not display, but still takes up space in the layout), and gone (does not display, and does not take space in the layout).

So you could, for example, have a game in a FrameView where text displayed to the user is visible in the middle of the screen at appropriate times (e.g. “Game Over”).

Next: LinearLayout

{ 35 } Comments

  1. Arshad Ali Soomro | December 10, 2011 at 3:29 pm | Permalink

    This one is great Keep going on!!

  2. Uggabugga | May 31, 2012 at 6:13 am | Permalink

    I’m sorry but don’t ever use PIXELS for Android…. fail

  3. Asif | June 1, 2012 at 12:57 am | Permalink

    Great article…very easy fully explained concepts. Thank you

  4. vikas | June 2, 2012 at 10:34 am | Permalink

    thanx a lot sir for this tutorial.. it was really help full.. with this tutorials beginner will defiantly feel android application is easy development.. πŸ™‚

  5. Sachin | June 21, 2012 at 1:00 am | Permalink

    Awesome tutorial….thanks… keep posting….

  6. anton | June 23, 2012 at 8:21 pm | Permalink

    Great stuff – you nailed this one.

  7. omkar | July 5, 2012 at 5:06 am | Permalink

    good going man.. m fully satisfied…….

  8. Mike | July 5, 2012 at 12:22 pm | Permalink

    Good Tutorial!! Thank’s

  9. vivek | July 7, 2012 at 11:37 pm | Permalink

    Love to see how effectively and simply u make understood the layouts basic…great tutorial
    thanks a lot..

  10. Vikash | July 11, 2012 at 12:48 am | Permalink

    This is the most stunning layout tutorial I ever read…thanx man….very good

  11. alterego | July 19, 2012 at 8:01 am | Permalink

    hello, this tutorial is a great one, keep going so that people like me can learn esear in these way…and by the way, I descovered recentley Sublime Text 2. it is very powerfull. I apologize for my english.Thanks!

  12. nock starett | July 19, 2012 at 8:21 am | Permalink

    This is really sweet of you………..thanks for the help

  13. KS NAYAKA | August 4, 2012 at 12:43 pm | Permalink

    thanks for info….it helped me a lot

  14. John | August 7, 2012 at 3:40 am | Permalink

    Cool one.. ! I just learned layouts now, whats next as a beginer?

  15. krishna | August 9, 2012 at 4:32 am | Permalink

    Great!!!! thanks a lot….

  16. Jason | August 20, 2012 at 10:22 pm | Permalink

    Thanks so much for the clear tutorial. I especially like how you provided a screenshot with each XML example.

    A bit miffed that layouts keep changing as technology progresses. The Android 3.2 way of layouts has me specifying resolutions in the layout structure.

    res/layout/main_activity.xml # For phones
    res/layout-sw600dp/main_activity.xml # For 7” tablets
    res/layout-sw720dp/main_activity.xml # For 10” tablets

    Ah well… thanks again for the jump start into understanding the different types of layouts.

  17. venkat | August 24, 2012 at 1:01 am | Permalink

    I got a lot of content from this tutorial. I expected u to provide same kind of tutorials in further

  18. Alexandre Verri | August 28, 2012 at 1:15 am | Permalink

    Great given explanation, keep it up dude… ty a bunch

  19. parmar nitesh | August 29, 2012 at 12:39 am | Permalink

    nice ….

  20. cahosting | February 13, 2014 at 2:07 am | Permalink

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  25. Tushar Patil | April 18, 2014 at 10:34 pm | Permalink

    Thanks a lot……..!
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  28. Lestat | August 1, 2014 at 3:28 am | Permalink

    A Very useful and easy to understand tutorial, thank you very much!

  29. 26 hatha yoga | August 19, 2014 at 9:22 am | Permalink

    I couldn’t resist commenting. Well written!

  30. Sibyl | August 28, 2014 at 12:23 am | Permalink

    Awesome article.

  31. Surya | August 29, 2014 at 12:45 am | Permalink

    Thanks for this tutorial, this really saved my time as i was following an android tutorial and got stuck due to different layouts available.

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  33. suyog | September 10, 2014 at 11:56 pm | Permalink

    thanx mate.that helps alot to understand the Relative Layout for new Programmer.

  34. | September 21, 2014 at 4:22 am | Permalink

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  35. zalek | September 23, 2014 at 9:36 am | Permalink

    Thanks, great site for learning Android!


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